The minor in special education foundations is designed for NIU students not pursuing professional educator licensure. Course work focuses on legal and societal perspectives of disabilities, and ways in which individuals with disabilities participate in employment, leisure, and daily living activities. Emphasis is on the impact of disability in non-educational settings. Nine or more semester hours in the minor must be completed at NIU. Students pursuing this certificate must file a formal application with the undergraduate adviser in the Department of Special and Early Education.